Architecture

The most popular architectural styles in New Mexico are known as the Pueblo Revival architecture and the Territorial Revival architecture . These two styles have been interpreted by multiple architects, and have been incorporated into a variety of architectural situations, and blended with external influences to varying degrees. These influential architecture styles within New Mexico have their roots in the building styles of the Pueblos and the Spanish missions in New Mexico. These two older building styles were the main inspiration of the modern Pueblo Revival architecture, which was used prominently throughout the University of New Mexico’s main campus in Albuquerque. The territorial styles of the New Mexico Territory within Mexico and the United States were the heavy inspiration for the modern Territorial Revival architecture, which mixes the Pueblo architecture style with the Mexican and American territorial phase and the Spanish Folk Territorial Style architecture of Northern New Mexico. this building style has been used on buildings like the Bataan Memorial Building in Santa Fe. Isaac Rapp is a name often associated with the Territorial Revival architecture while John Gaw Meem and Mary Colter are often associated with the Pueblo Revival architecture.

Since these two Revival architectural styles are popular throughout the state, they have been blended into a variety of settings. In downtown Albuquerque the Pueblo Deco architecture is prominently featured, the KiMo Theater is an example, which is a fusion of Art Deco and Pueblo Revival architecture. Another example of the Revival architectural styles blending with various settings is at the Sasebo Japanese Garden at the Albuquerque Rio Grande Botanic Garden and the Ten Thousand Waves spa and bathhouse in Santa Fe, these two locations feature Japanese architecture incorporated into the New Mexican Revival architectural styles. Though most of the architecture in New Mexico borrows from Pueblo Deco‎, Pueblo Revival, Territorial Revival architectural styles, there have been buildings drawing inspiration for other styles, including; Colonial Revival, Georgian Revival, Gothic Revival, Mission Revival, Modernist, Moorish Revival, ‎Neoclassical, Queen Anne, Renaissance Revival, Spanish Colonial, Spanish Revival, Streamline Moderne, Victorian, and various projects by the Works Progress Administration.

New Mexico is also home to two newer architectural techniques, the first being Earthships by Michael Reynolds and the other being Ra Paulette’s cave sculptures which were featured in the documentary Cavedigger. An Earthship is an “off-the-grid ready” home, with minimal impact on the environment due to built-in gardens and less reliance on public utilities and fossil fuels. While Ra Paulette’s cave sculptures are ornate pseudo-buildings, hand-carved into decorated sandstone caves. Both the Earthships and Ra Paulette’s cave sculptures are inspired by New Mexico culture, in that they try to celebrate nature while they also pay tribute to the adobe and sandstone of New Mexico’s heritage Pueblo Revival architecture and the Territorial Revival architecture.

Specific architectural points of interest are the Sandia Peak Tramway, Ghost Ranch, the buildings around Old Town Albuquerque and Santa Fe Plaza, and various buildings along Route 66.