noun | encyclopedia/culture | Pronounced: \mek-si-kuhn\ | IPA: /ˈmɛk sɪ kən/
Definition of Mexican culture
A modern culture in New Mexico, thriving from 1821 to today. The culture is distinguished by their folk arts from the Aztec, Maya, and Spanish, vibrant colors, and foods. When the colonies of New Spain gained their independence during the Mexican War of Independence, Santa Fe de Nuevo México ceased to be an independent colony and joined the First Mexican Republic. New Mexico remained a Mexican state for only twenty years, but the effect of Mexican statehood was profound on New Mexican culture.
Cultural significance of the Mexican culture within New Mexico
It has remained a powerful force alongside the prominent Pueblo modern culture, Santa Fe de Nuevo México culture, Apache modern culture, Navajo modern culture, and American modern culture. The Mexican culture within New Mexico is most prominent in relation to the culture surrounding the territorial phase. In particular due to the fact that most New Mexicans equivocate the territorial era with the era of the Wild West. This created a strong tie of the Western frontier with Mexican and American culture, the cowboy (vaquero/buckaroo) is an idealized character within the state.
It is often assumed that New Mexico received its name from Mexico, similarly to New York receiving its name from York. However, New Mexico received its name in 1563, nearly 250 years prior to Mexico declaring its independence. Due to a misunderstanding, the Spanish believed that the Pueblo peoples were related to the Mexica (Aztec) people, and the Spanish referred to it as the new land of the Mexica, thus Nuevo México (New Mexico), specifically Santa Fe de Nuevo México (Holy Faith of New Mexico).
“Every culture here, Mexican, Spanish, Pueblo, Reservation, White, we all are cowboys here.”
from Anthony Bourdain: Parts Unknown, Season 2, Episode 4, “New Mexico”
Origin of Mexican culture
The Mexican culture originates in 1810 during a “loyalist revolt” lead by priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, from Dolores, Guanajuato. After Miguel was executed by firing squad, the mantle of the revolt was passed to another priest, José María Morelos, in 1811. The Solemn Act of the Declaration of Independence of Northern America, was signed in 1813. José was executed in 1815. The Spanish Crown signed the “Treaty of Córdoba”, and recognized the “Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire” in August 24, 1821. The short-lived First Mexican Empire lasted until 1823, when a revolt lead to the United Mexican States.
First Known Use: 19th century
Associated: Neighboring past Mexican territories; Teritorio de Altos California. Neighboring past Mexican states; Las Californias, Coahuila y Texas, Sonora y Sinaloa, Chihuahua, República de Rio Grande. Neighboring modern Mexican states; Las Californias, República de Texas, Sonora, Chihuahua, República de Rio Grande. Neighboring modern states; Sonora and Chihuahua.