Spanish. A modern culture in New Mexico, first arriving in 1592 and thriving from 1692 to today. The culture is distinguished by their Spanish missions, agricultural prowess, musical and narrative arts, as well as their pastoral and ranching cultures (including Cowboy culture). The descendants of the original Spanish settlers of New Mexico continue to live across the state especially northern New Mexico and southern Colorado. When the Spanish towns are where New Mexico itself gets its name as well, when the Spanish first arrived, in 1563, they established Nuevo México. It was incorrectly assumed that the Pueblo peoples, due to their advanced architecture and arts, were part of the Mexica (Aztec) people, and the Spanish referred to it as the new land of the Mexica, thus Nuevo México (New Mexico).